PHP get current page URL

Wahyu Raja Reply 11:05 PM

Step 1 - Get current page URL

PHP get current page URL
In PHP there are some built in global variables that make the getting the current URL process quite simple. You can get every piece of information about the current URL using the $_SERVER suberglobal array.
You can get the domain name, the script name, the url parameters and any variation of these.
After this introduction let’s see how it works. First of all try to figure out a complex URL structure like this:
Let’s take this URL to pieces:
  •     http - This is the protocol
  • - This is the hostname.
  •     test - This is a directory
  •     myscript.php - This is the actual script name
  •     name=Bob - This is the first URL parameter (city) and it’s value (Dallas)
  •     start=10 - This is the second URL parameter (start) and it’s value (10)
And now lets’s try to build the same URL with PHP. 
  • Get the protocol - http
The url protocol can be read out from the$_SERVER[‘SERVER_PROTOCOL’] variable. 
However if you check the value you can find that is not simply http or https but a string like this: HTTP/1.1

So we need some string manipulation to get a clean protocol string:
  1. $protocol = strpos(strtolower($_SERVER['SERVER_PROTOCOL']),'https') 
  2.                 === FALSE ? 'http' : 'https';

  • Get the hostname -
As next step we need to figure out the hostname. This is in the$_SERVER[‘HTTP_HOST’]. You can read it simply like this:
  1. $host = $_SERVER['HTTP_HOST'];

  • Get the directory and script name - /test/myscript.php
The $_SERVER[‘SCRIPT_NAME’] contains the full path with the name of the actual php script as you can see here:
  1. $script = $_SERVER['SCRIPT_NAME'];

  • Get URL parameters - city=Dallas&start=10
The last part of the current url is in the$_SERVER[‘QUERY_STRING’] and can be accessed similar to the others:
  1. $params = $_SERVER['QUERY_STRING'];

  • Get the actual URI - /test/myscript.php?city=Dallas&start=10
If the protocol and host name is not important for you but only the path, script name and the URL parameters then you can use simply$_SERVER[‘REQUEST_URI’] the as follows:
  1. $uri = $_SERVER['REQUEST_URI'];

So get the current page URL in PHP looks like this:
  1. $protocol = strpos(strtolower($_SERVER['SERVER_PROTOCOL']),'https') 
  2.                 === FALSE ? 'http' : 'https';
  3. $host     = $_SERVER['HTTP_HOST'];
  4. $script   = $_SERVER['SCRIPT_NAME'];
  5. $params   = $_SERVER['QUERY_STRING'];
  7. $currentUrl = $protocol . '://' . $host . $script . '?' . $params;
  9. echo $currentUrl;

Note: Almost all modern webserver with PHP supports the used $_SERVER variables, you need to know that: “The entries in this array are created by the web server. There is no guarantee that every web server will provide any of these.”  See PHP $_SERVER manual

Tags: php get current url, get page url, php get url, get actual url, get query string, get hostname, php

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